Internet of Things (IoT) – Internet Access

Today, nearly every traditional electronic consumer device has a model that connects to the Internet via Bluetooth or directly via a data plan. Many ovens, thermostats, cars, medical devices, and even articles of clothing now have their own IPv6 addresses and numerous sensors with connected capabilities, necessitating a knowledge of internet of things law. 

In 2020, the number of “things” connected to the Internet was estimated at 46 billion devices. 

While IoT product developers, software developers and IoT product/data plan retailers and wholesalers face a set of regulations and requirements, IoT manufacturers must also ensure the IoT hardware is in compliance with Internet of Things law.

There are different types of internet access that are regulated for IoT devices including:

  • Machine-to-machine // A device transmitting data to another device for collation, storage, or triggered action with another device or software program. Examples use cases: Utilities monitoring electrical grid status, building facilities equipment monitoring movement or temperature, smart home devices monitoring temperature to control thermostat. 
  • Point-to-point // A wireless service connecting one point to another to carry data along a network. The 5G network is a point-to-point system. 
  • Voice // An IoT device that can enable VoIP, such as a smart speaker. 

To determine whether the IoT device access is regulated, the advice of counsel is required. 

As more IoT technology becomes accessible to start-ups and entrepreneurs for niche applications, it is critical that manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers understand the regulations for all RF equipment before offering their devices in the marketplace.

Manufacturers must comply with applicable regulations, and Internet of Things law, which may include equipment authorizations, taxes, and privacy laws. Companies found not in compliance may face substantial fines, market barriers, and in some countries confiscation of non-compliant equipment.

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